JRI 

Seyyed Ahmad Reza Mahmoudi
- Monoclonal Antibody Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute (ACECR), Tehran, Iran
Roya Ghods
- Monoclonal Antibody Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute (ACECR), Tehran, Iran
Amir Hassan Zarnani
- Monoclonal Antibody Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute (ACECR), Tehran, Iran
Mahnaz Heidari
- Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Ali Ahmad Bayat
- Monoclonal Antibody Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute (ACECR), Tehran, Iran
Ebrahim Torkabadi
- Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Mohammad Mehdi Akhondi
- Monoclonal Antibody Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute (ACECR), Tehran, Iran
Kazem Parivar
- Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science & Research Campus, Tehran, Iran
Mahmood Jeddi-Tehrani
- Monoclonal Antibody Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute (ACECR), Tehran, Iran
Mohammad Reza Sadeghi Corresponding Author
- Monoclonal Antibody Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute (ACECR), Tehran, Iran

Received: 10/1/2004 Accepted: 10/1/2004 - Publisher : Avicenna Research Institute

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Abstract
Introduction: Surface antigens of ovum and sperm have key role in the fertilization process. In this regard, study of these molecules and their biochemical, biophysical and physiological characteristics could be helpful in understanding the mechanism of fertilization. Moreover, many cases of infertility with unknown ethiology have been revealed to have defects in these molecules. This will further emphasize on the importance of molecules involved in fertilization. The aim of this study was to characterize the sperm sur-face antigen recognized by the monoclonal antibody HS56. Materials and Methods: Clone HS56 with known specificity to human sperm antigen were injected perit-oneally into the balb/c mice and the produced antibody was purified over protein- G affinity chromato-graphy column. The isotype of the monoclonal antibody (mAb) was determined by Enzyme-Linked Immu-nosorbent Assay (ELISA). Surface antigens extracted from human sperm by lithinm 3,5 diiodosalicylate (LIS) method were run on SDS-PAGE and the molecular weight of antigen recognized by HS56 mAb was determined by western blotting. For localization of this antigen, indirect immunofluorescence staining was performed. Finally involvement of this antigen in acrosome reaction was tested by inhibition assay. Wil-coxon test was used for statistical analysis. Results: By LIS extraction method many sperm antigens were isolated and seen on SDS-PAGE using ELISA, It was found that LIS extraction was a useful method for isolation of antigen recognized by HS56 mAb. The subclass of the mAb HS56 was shown to be IgG1. The molecular weight of the antigen was determined to be about 56±2 KDa and the molecule included disulfide bond (s) in its structure. The antigen of interest was localized on acrosome and midpeace region of human sperm. Finally our results showed that this antigen had no effect on acrosome reaction (P=0.11). Conclusion: Although the HS56 antigen does not play an important role in acrosome reaction, its further characterization with regard to sperm-oocyte binding may reveal a role in fertilization process.

Keywords: Sperm, Sperm surface antigens, Monoclonal antibody, Acrosome reaction, Fertility


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