JRI 

Manizheh Sereshty Corresponding Author
- Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahrekord University of Medical Science & Health Services, Shahr-e-Kord, Iran
Pouran Azari
- Department of Medicine & Surgery, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahr-e-Kord University of Medical Sciences, Shahr-e-Kord, Iran
Mahmoud Rafiean
- Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahr-e-Kord University of Medical Sciences, Shahr-e-Kord, Iran
Soleiman Kheiri
- Department of Statistic& Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahrekord University of Medical Science, Shahr-e-Kord, Iran

Received: 7/1/2006 Accepted: 7/1/2006 - Publisher : Avicenna Research Institute

Related Articles

 

Other Format

 


Abstract

Introduction: Researchers have shown that herbal medicines are used by a large portion of pregnant women. Herbs are generally perceived as safe, harmless and free from side-effect but there have been reports on side-effects in pregnant mothers and their fetuses as well as on drug interactions. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of the use of herbal medi-cines among pregnant women referring to health care centers in Shahr-e-Kord. Materials & Methods: In this descriptive and cross-sectional study, 447 pregnant women, referring to health care centers and Hajar Hospital in Shahr-e-Kord, were interviewed while employing a structured questionnaire. The cases were chosen by simple random sampling. For the data analysis, student t-test and 2 were used. Results: In all, 51.9% of the pregnant women reported the use of herbal medicines during pregnancy. 91.7% of the women, had a positive attitude toward the use of herbal medicines during pregnancy, but 15% believed that the use of herbal medicines in pregnancy was unsafe. Among respondents, 55.9% had not reported the use of herbs to their physicians and the most common reasons for nondisclosure were the belief that herbal medicines were natural and safe (39.1%) and that doctors never asked about them (34.8%). The most commonly reported uses of herbs were for common cold (29.1%), abdominal pain (17.4%) and induction of labor (11.7&). Anchusa officinalis was the most commonly used herb among 55 other species of herbs. 74.2% of medicinal herb consumers cited family and relatives as their main source of information on the herbs. Factors associated with the use of herbal medicines in pregnancy were number of parities 1-3, monthly income more than 1,500,000 Rials and age 20-29, but none were statistically significant. There were significantly lower frequencies of herbal use in pregnancy among women with academic education (p=.004). Conclusion: The widespread use of herbal medications and the positive attitude toward them during pregnancy, indicates an increased need to educate health-care providers on these issues to advise women not to expose themselves and their fetuses to the probable risks of herbal preparations.


Keywords: Pregnancy, Pregnant women, Herbal medicine, Side-effect, Self treatment, Traditional medicine


To cite this article:


References

  1. ولنه ژان. گياه درماني، درمان بيماريها توسط گياهان. مترجم: امامي احمد، شمس‌اردکاني محمدرضا، نكوئي‌نائيني نسيم، راه ‌كمال (1381)، جلد اول، صفحه:11
  2. صديقي ژيلا، سيفتون فرزانه، ضيايي سيدعلي. طب گياهي، بينش و عملکرد در جمعيت شهر تهران. فصلنامه گياهان دارويي. سال 4 (1383)، شماره 13، صفحات: 67-60
  3. آئينه چي يعقوب. مفردات گياهان پزشکي و گياهان دارويي ايران. دانشگاه تهران (1365)، صفحه: 1008
  4. Montbriand M.J. Herbs or natural products that may cause cancer and harm part four of a four-part series. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2005;32(1):E20-9. Review
  5. Tesch B.J. Herbs commonly used by women: an evidence-based review. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003; 188(5 Suppl):S44-55
  6. Strandberg T.E., Jarvenpaa A.L., Vanhanen H., McKei-gue P.M. Birth outcome in relation to licorice con-sumption during pregnancy. Am J Epidemiol. 2001; 153(11):1085-
  7. Veale D.J., Oliver D.W., Havlik I. The effects of herbal oxytocics on the isolated "stripped" myometrium model. Life Sci. 2000;67(11):1381-8
  8. Ernst E. Herbal medicinal products during pregnancy: are they safe? BJOG. 2002;109(3):227-35.Review
  9. Born D., Barron M.L. Herb use in pregnancy: what nurses should know. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2005;30(3):201-6;quiz 207-8
  10. Leung K.Y., Lee Y.P., Chan H.Y., Lee C.P., Tang M. H. Are herbal medicinal products less teratogenic than Western pharmaceutical products. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2002;23(12):1169-72
  11. آخوندزاده شاهين، دليري همپا علي. کاربرد گياهان دارويي در اختلالات خواب. گياهان دارويي. سال 3 (1382)، شماره 9، صفحات: 83-75
  12. Donald M., Wayne R. Do no harm: Avoidance of her-bal medicines during pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 2005;105:1119-1122
  13. Planta M., Gundersen B., Petitt J.C. Prevalence of the use of herbal products in a low-income population. Fam Med. 2000;32(4):252-257
  14. yankowitz J., Niebal J.R. Drug Therapy in pregnancy: Gayle L.O. Complementary and Alternative Therapy during pregnancy. 3thEdition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 1998;pp:297-308
  15. Nordeng H., Havenen G.C. Impact of socio- demogra-phic factors, knowledge and attitude of the use of herbal drugs in pregnancy. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2005;84(1):26-33
  16. Hepner D.C., Harnett M., Segal S., et al. Herbal medi-cine use in parturients. Anesth Analg.2002;94:690-693
  17. Saxena R.C. Drug reaction with herbal drug. Indian J Pharmac. 1985;17(3):165-169
  18. Miler G.L. Herbal medicinal: selected clinical consi-derations focusing on known or potential drug-herb interactions. Arch Intern Med. 1998;158:2200-11
  19. O'Malley P., Trimble N., Browning M. Are herbal therapies worth the risks? Nurse Pract. 2004;29(10):71-5. Review.
  20. Taylor M. Complementary and alternative medicine in women's health: healing or hoax? Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2005;60(11):697-9.

COPE
SID
NLM
AJMB
IJBMLE
IJBMLE

Home | About Us | Current Issue | Past Issues | Submit a Manuscript | Instructions for Authors | Subscribe | Search | Contact Us

"Journal of Reproduction & Infertility" is owned, published, and copyrighted by Avicenna Research Institute .
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.

Journal of Reproductoin and Infertility (JRI) is a member of COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION ETHICS . Verify here .

©2020 - eISSN : 2251-676X, ISSN : 2228-5482, For any comments and questions please contact us.