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Skip Navigation LinksJRI > Archive > January-March 2007, Volume 7, Issue 4 > Association of ACE, PAI-1 and coagulation factor XIII gene polymorphisms with recurrent spontaneous abortion in Iranian patients



Volume 7, Issue 4, Number 29 / January-March
(pages 324-330)


Association of ACE, PAI-1 and coagulation factor XIII gene polymorphisms with recurrent spontaneous abortion in Iranian patients




 Corresponding Author
1- Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
2- Avicenna Infertility Clinic, Avicenna Research Institute (ACECR), Tehran, Iran

Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran

Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran

Faculty of Medical Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

1- Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
2- Avicenna Infertility Clinic, Avicenna Research Institute (ACECR), Tehran, Iran

Academic Unit of clinical Pharmacology ,University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom

Monoclonal Antibody Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute (ACECR), Tehran, Iran

1- Faculty of Medical Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Nanobiotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute (ACECR), Tehran, Iran


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Abstract
Introduction: Considering the 5% prevalence of abortion in women, its devastating psycholo-gical effects on affected people’s lives and as tendency for clotting is one of the causes of recur-rent spontaneous abortion (RSA), this study was designed to compare plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and blood coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) gene polymorphisms in Iranian patients with RSA and healthy women. Materials & Methods: 120 patients with recurrent abortions (at least two) as cases and 112 healthy female controls without a history of abortion were entered into the study. In order to characterize PAI-1 (4G/5G), ACE (D/I) and FXIII (Val 34 Leu) polymorphisms, a polymerase chain reaction followed by digestion with restriction enzymes (PCR-RFLP) was designed. For the statistical analysis, SPSS software version 11.2 was used and t-test, Chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests were calculated. P-values <0.05 were considered as significant. Results: Homozygosity for PAI-1 4G polymorphism was seen in 16 cases, (14.4%), in contrast to two persons in the control group (2%), (p = 0.001) and patients with homozygote 4G mutation were significantly more prone to RSA in contrast to others (OR: 8.2, % 95 CI: 1.8- 36.5). 38 patients, (29.5 %), and 25 people from the control group, (26.6%), were homozygote (D/D) for ACE polymorphism, depicting no statistically significant difference. Only two patients and one person from the control group had homozygosity (34leu) for FXIII polymorphism. Conclusion: 4G/4G polymorphism for PAI-1 gene could be a thrombophilic mutation leading to abortion. Analysis of this mutation and other suspected factors such as MTHFR and FV Leiden is recommended in patients with RSA. In this study, there were no significant associations between ACE and FXIII with RSA.

Keywords: Recurrent spontaneous abortion, Thrombophilia, Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, Angiotensin converting enzyme, Coagulation factor XIII


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