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Skip Navigation LinksJRI > Archive > July-September 2008, Volume 9, Issue 2 > Evaluating Surrogate Motherhood from Act Utilitarianism Point of View



Volume 9, Issue 2, Number 35 / July-September
(pages 123-129)


Evaluating Surrogate Motherhood from Act Utilitarianism Point of View




 Corresponding Author
Department of Western Philosophy, Iranian Institute of Philosophy, Tehran, Iran


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Abstract
Introduction: Surrogate motherhood's moral justification entirely depends on the ethical theory, which is taken from the normative ethics. Deontologists do believe that surrogate motherhood is morally impermissible in the light of Kantian notion of human dignity. In contrast, consequen-tialists focus on the pleasure and the pain of an action in order to arrive at its badness or goodness, morally speaking. Materials & Methods: In this article, firstly, deontologists' argument in favor of the imper-missibility of surrogate motherhood is formulated. Then, in order to undermine deontolo-gists' argument and make surrogate motherhood plausible from moral viewpoint, some ideas are utilized from act utilitarianism. Conclusion: As far as surrogate motherhood is concerned, formation of an ethical committee, composed of a specialist in ethics, a physician, a psychologist, and a sociologist, is proposed in order to concretize act utilitarianism concepts.

Keywords: Surrogate motherhood, Human dignity, Pain, Pleasure, Act utilitarianism


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References
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