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Skip Navigation LinksJRI > Archive > July-September 2010, Volume 11, Issue 2 > Effects of MDMA (Ecstasy) on Oocyte Quality and Fertilization Rate in Mice



Volume 11, Issue 2, Number 43 / July-September
(pages 77-85)


Effects of MDMA (Ecstasy) on Oocyte Quality and Fertilization Rate in Mice




 Corresponding Author
Department of Biology and Anatomy, Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Department of Biology and Anatomy, Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Department o f Internal Medicine, Afzalipour Educational Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Received: 10/21/2009 Accepted: 1/18/2010

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Abstract
Introduction: Ecstasy drug abuse is relatively common among the youth undergoing psychosocial stresses. Categorized as a stimulant drug, ecstasy has nervous, cardiac and immunological side-effects. The endocrine system is not spared from the harmful effects of the drug and it could influence ovulation by exerting its effects on the hypothalamic-hypophyseal-gonadal axis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ecstasy on the quality of oocytes and on fertilization rate in mice. Materials and Methods: Thirty female NMRI mice were divided into three groups, after checking for their estrous cycles. At the beginning of each cycle, ecstasy was administered intraperitoneally to the animals in groups A (a minimum dose of 5 mg/kg/day) and B (a maximum dose of 20 mg/kg/day). At the end of the second day, 10 IU PMSG, and at the end of the 4th day, 10 IU HCG were administered intra-peritoneally. The mice in group C underwent the same procedures except receiving ecstasy. All the mice were sacrificed on the fifth day to aspirate their oocytes for further evaluation. In-vitro fertilization was done using mature or MII oocytes and fertilization was checked after 5 hours. The results were later statistically analyzed. Results: The number of retrieved oocytes was similar between the experimental and control groups. However, the rate of mature oocytes (MII) was significantly higher (p = 0.0001) in the controls (31.2%) than the mice in groups A (15.2%) and B (12.8%). Moreover, fertilization rate was significantly higher in the controls than the experi-mental groups. Conclusion: Administration of Ecstasy in mice can affect both oocyte maturity and the fertilization potential of oocytes. The overall effects of ecstasy on embryo devel-opment and implantation needs further studies to reach a definitive conclusion.

Keywords: Ecstasy, Oocyte, Ovary, Fertilization, In Vitro fertilization, Beta-keto-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), Fertility, Methamphetamine


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