Mitra Zolfaghari
- Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Ziba Taghizadeh
- Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Jila Maghbouli
- Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abbas Ali Keshtkar
- Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Anooshirvan Kazemnejad
- Department of Biostatistics, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Bagher Larijani Corresponding Author
- Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Received: 1/1/2005 Accepted: 1/1/2005 - Publisher : Avicenna Research Institute

Related Articles


Other Format



Introduction: Osteoporosis is a major problem of health care delivery services, both in developed and developing countries. Osteoporosis has bean defined as a disease characterized by low bone mass, which leads to enhanced bone fragility and increased fracture risk. Osteoporotic Fractures are one of the most common causes of disability and a major contributor to medical care costs in many regions of the world. There is substantial variation in the incidence of hip fracture in different regions. It has been projected that by the year 2050, 50% of all hip Fracture in the world will occur in Asia. Unfortunately there is not any information about incidence of hip fracture in Iran. The results of Iranian Multicenters osteoporosis study (IMOS) has shown 70% women and 50% men older than 50 years and older have osteoporosis or osteopenia. Thus this study performed to determine the incidence of osteoporosis hip Fracture in 3 years follow up of IMOS in Tehran. Materials and Methods: All the patients in the IMOS study who were 50 yr and over were selected to fill the questionnaire. The questions were about the incidence of fracture in 3 year after the beginning of IMOS and some demographic factors. Data analysis was performed with SPSS (11.5). Student T- test was used to determine the differences in mean values, and for quantitative measures 2 was used. P- Values less than 0.05 were considered significant. Results: The results of this study suggest that hip fracture incidence rate increase exponentially with aging and about 90.9 percent of all hip fractures occur in women. There is lower incidence of hip fracture in Tehran population compared to the Western Europe and North American popula-tion. It is unclear whether genetic or environment factors contribute to such variation. Conclusion: Correlation between hip fracture and osteoporosis in hip region can help in predict-tion the future fracture due to osteoporosis base on the results of bone densitometry.

Keywords: Incidence, Hip fracture, Osteoporosis, IMOS

To cite this article:


  1. Cohen A.J., Roe J. Review of risk factors for osteoporosis with particular reference to a poss-ible etiological role of dietary salt. Food Chemic Toxicol.2000;237-53.
  2. Consensus development conference prophyla-xis and treatment of osteoporosis. Am J Med. 1993;94:694-50.
  3. Watts N.B. Focus on primary care postmeno-pausal osteoporosis, an update. Obstetric Gynecol Sur.2000;(suppl 3):49-55.
  4. Cummings S.R., Melton L.J. Epidemiology and outcomes of osteoporosis fractures. Lancet.2002; 359:2018-26.
  5. Cooper C., Epidemiology of osteoporosis. Osteoporos Int.1999;suppl 2:2-8.
  6. جزوه مرکز تحقيقات غدد و متابوليسم دانشگاه علوم پزشکي تهران با همکاري دانشگاه شيراز، مشهد، بوشهر، اصفهان، تبريز. استئوپروز، تشخيص درمان، 1383- تهران.
  7. Berarducci A. Osteoporosis Education: A Health-Promotion Mandate for Nurses. Orthopae-dic Nursing.2004;23:118-20.
  8. Fugiwara N.K, Marti B., Gutzwiller F. Hip fracture mortality and morbidity in Switzerland and Japan. A cross-cultural comparison. SOZ pra-ventiv med.1996;38:8-14.
  9. Lau E.M., Tee J.K. The incidence of hip fracture in four Asian countries: the Asian osteop-orosis study (Aos). Osteoporosis Int.2001;12:239-43.
  10. Frassetto L.A., Todd K.M. Worldwide incidence of hip fracture in elderly women. Jou rnal of gerontology-series A. Biologic Med Sci. 2000;55:585-92.
  11. Finsen V., Johnsen L.G., Trano G., Hansen B., Sneve K.S. Hip fracture incidence in central norway. A fallow up study. Clin Orthop Relat-Res. Issue.2004;419:173-78.


Home | About Us | Current Issue | Past Issues | Submit a Manuscript | Instructions for Authors | Subscribe | Search | Contact Us

"Journal of Reproduction & Infertility" is owned, published, and managed by Avicenna Research Institute .
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution –NonCommercial 4.0 International License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.

Journal of Reproductoin and Infertility (JRI) is a member of COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION ETHICS . Verify here .

©2024 - eISSN : 2251-676X, ISSN : 2228-5482, For any comments and questions please contact us.