Zahra Basirat Corresponding Author
- Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Mehdi Nejadgholi

Received: 7/1/2006 Accepted: 7/1/2006 - Publisher : Avicenna Research Institute

Related Articles


Other Format



Introduction: Fetal ovarian cysts are rare abdominal tumors with unknown pathogenesis. They may be diagnosed accidentally during ultrasonography. Fetal ovarian cysts pose the risk of rupture or torsion with subsequent loss of the affected ovary. Diagnosis and appropriate management reduce acute and long-term complications. Case Report: The case was the fetus of a 26 year old primigravida in the 37th week of gesta-tion in Babol in 2005. A unilateral fetal simple ovarian cyst with a diameter of 30 mm was diagnosed during ultrasonography. The case was delivered by cesarean section due to fetal distress a week later. The neonate was followed up after birth and the cyst was spontaneous-ly disappeared after 45 days. Conclusion: In fetal ovarian cysts, there may be good outcomes following conservative man-agement. After delivery, decrease of hormonal stimulation may lead to the spontaneous reso-lution of ovarian cysts. Surgical procedures are performed if complications such as trosion or rupture of the cyst develop.

Keywords: Fetal ovarian cyst, Sonography, Pregnancy, Abdominal mass, Abdominal tumors, Ovarian torsion, Cyst rupture

To cite this article:


  1. Born H.J., Kuhnert E., Halberstadt E. Diagnosis of fetal ovarian cysts. Fallow-up or differential diagnosis? Ultraschall Med. 1997:18(5):209-13. German
  2. Benson C.B., Doubilet P.M. The Fetal genitourinary system. In sonography in obstetrics and gynecology Fleischer A.C. Manning F.A., Jeantg P., Romero R. (Editors). McGrow-Hill. 2001;pp:441-5
  3. Perrotin F., Potin J., Haddad G., Sembely- Taveau C., Lansac J., Body G. Fetal ovarian cysts: a report of three cases managed by intrauterine aspiration. Ultra-sound Obstet Gynecol. 2000;16(7):655-9
  4. Sherer D.M., Shah Y.G., Eggers P.C., Woods J.R. Pre-natal sonographic diagnosis and subsequent manage-ment of fetal adnexal torsion. J Ultrasound. 1990;9:161-3
  5. Comparetto C., Giudici S., Coccia M.E., Scarselli G., Borruto F. Fetal and neonatal ovarian cysts: what’s their real meaning?. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2005:32 (2):125-5
  6. Bryant A.E., Laufer M.R. Fetal ovarian cyst: inci-dence diagnosis and management. J Report Med. 2004; 49(5):329-37
  7. Schmeler K.M., Mayo-Smith W.W., Peipert J.F., Weitzen S., Manuel M.D., Gordinier M.E. Adnexal masses in pregnancy: surgery compared with obser-vation.Obstet Gynecol. 2005;105(5Pt1):1098-103
  8. Foley P.T., Ford W.D., McEwing R., Furness M. Is conservative management of prenatal and neonatal ovarian cysts justifiable?. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2005;20 (5):454-8
  9. Nikolov A., Dimitorv A., Markov D., Iraukova N., Kalaidzhieva M. Fetal ovarian cyst-possible modelities for subsequent fallow up and management. Akush Ginekol. 2005;44(2):33-7
  10. Perrotin F., Roy F., Potin J., Lardy H., Lansac J., Body G. Ultrasonographic diagnosis and prenatal ma-nagement of fetal ovarian cyst. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Repord. 2000;29(2):161-9
  11. Meizner I., Levy A., Katz M., Maresh A.J., Glezer-man M. Fetal ovarien cyst: prenatal ultrasonographic detection and postnafal evaluation and treatment. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1991;164(3):974-8
  12. Mizani M., Kato P., Hebigachi T. Surgical indication for neonatal ovarian cyst. J Exp Med. 1998;196(1):27-32
  13. Abolmakarem H., Tharmaratunms. Thilaganthan B. Fetal anemia as a consequence of hemorrhage into an overian cyst. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2001;17(6): 527-8
  14. Helling K.S., Chaoui R., Kirchmair F., Stadie S., Bollmann R. Fetal ovarian cysts: prenatal diagnosis, management and postnatal outcome. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2002:20(1):47-50
  15. Malhotra N., Roy K.K., Garg P.K., Takkar D. Ectopic hydronephrotic kidney masquerading as an ovarian cyst during pregnancy. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Repord Biol. 2001;97(2):239-40


Home | About Us | Current Issue | Past Issues | Submit a Manuscript | Instructions for Authors | Subscribe | Search | Contact Us

"Journal of Reproduction & Infertility" is owned, published, and managed by Avicenna Research Institute .
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution –NonCommercial 4.0 International License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.

Journal of Reproductoin and Infertility (JRI) is a member of COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION ETHICS . Verify here .

©2024 - eISSN : 2251-676X, ISSN : 2228-5482, For any comments and questions please contact us.