Masoumeh Delaram Corresponding Author
- Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahrekord University of Medical Science & Health Services, Shahr-e-Kord, Iran
Alireza Ahmadi
- Department of Biomedicine women, Research Center,Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran

Received: 4/23/2008 Accepted: 11/12/2008 - Publisher : Avicenna Research Institute

Related Articles


Other Format



Introduction: Since a great number of neonatal mortality is related to low birth weight (LBW) and its prevalence of LBW is increasing in different populations, this study was carried out to identify the prevalence of LBW and some of its related factors at Hadjar Educational Hospital in Shahr-e-Kord, during 2006.Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was done on 5102 neonates. The data were collected by completing a form through physical examinations of the neonates by pediatricians and interview with their mothers.Results: Out of 5102 neonates, 434 (8.5%) had low birth weight than 2500gr (CI=7.5%-9.5%). The odds ratio for low birth weight in multiples was 16.3 times greater than singletons (P=0.0001), 9.6 times greater in gestational ages before the 37th week than after it (P=0.0001), and 2.75 times greater in mothers under 20, than older ones (P=0.04). In addition, the odds ratio was 2.45 times greater in female versus male neonates (P=0.04), 3.69 times greater in primigravidas than multigravidas (P=0.01) and 1.22 times greater in mothers under high school diploma than those with higher education (P=0.045). No significant relationships were found between the mothers’ residential areas and low birth weight.Conclusion: The prevalence of LBW in Shahr-e-Kord was similar to other parts of Iran. Preventing preterm labor and holding educational programs for high-risk mothers, particularly under 20 mothers, primiparous women and those with lower educational attainments can play an effective role in the prevention of low birth weight.

Keywords: Low birth weight, Pregnancy, Prenatal care, Preterm labor, Primiparous

To cite this article:

Figures, Charts, Tables


  1. Alexander GR, Wingate MS, Mor J, Boulet S. Birth outcomes of Asian-Indian-Americans. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2007;97(3):215-20.   [PubMed]
  2. Kramer MS, Barros FC, Demissie K, Liu S, Kiely J, Joseph KS. Does reducing infant mortality depend on preventing low birthweight? An analysis of temporal trends in the Americas. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2005;19(6):445-51.   [PubMed]
  3. Karimian S, Molla Mohammadi M, Jandaghi GhR. [Prevalence of low birth weight infants and its related factors in Qom delivery units in 2000]. FEYZ J. 2003; 27(7):76-80. Persian.   [Abstract]
  4. Stoll BJ, Kliegtman RM. Overview of mortality and morbidity. In: Behrman RE, Kliegtman RM, Jenson HB. Nelson textbook of pediatrics. 17th Edition. Phila-delphia, Saunders company. 2004;p.519-23.
  5. Mansour E, Eissa AN, Nofal LM, Kharboush I, Reda AA. Morbidity and mortality of low-birth-weight infants in Egypt. East Mediterr Health J. 2005;11(4): 723-31.   [PubMed]
  6. Hoffman MC, Jeffers S, Carter J, Duthely L, Cotter A, Gonzalez-Quintero VH. Pregnancy at or beyond age 40 years is associated with an increased risk of fetal death and other adverse outcomes. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007;196(5):e11-3.   [PubMed]
  7. Biernacka JB, Hanke W. [The effect of occupational and non-occupational psychosocial stress on the course of pregnancy and its outcome]. Med Pr. 2006;57(3): 281-90. Review. Polish.   [PubMed]
  8. Bisai S, Mahalanabis D, Sen A, Bose K, Datta N. Maternal early second trimester pregnancy weight in relation to birth outcome among Bengalee Hindus of Kolkata, India. Ann Hum Biol. 2007;34(1):91-101.   [PubMed]
  9. Lone FW, Qureshi RN, Emanuel F. Maternal anaemia and its impact on perinatal outcome.Trop Med Int Health. 2004;9(4):486-90.   [PubMed]
  10. Raqib R, Alam DS, Sarker P, Ahmad SM, Ara G, Yunus M, Moore SE, Fuchs G. Low birth weight is associated with altered immune function in rural Bangladeshi children: a birth cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007;85(3):845-52.   [PubMed]
  11. Kaneshi T, Yoshida T, Ohshiro T, Nagasaki H, Asato Y, Ohta T. Birthweight and risk factors for cardio-vascular diseases in Japanese schoolchildren. Pediatr Int. 2007;49(2):138-43.   [PubMed]
  12. Mosayebi Z, Fakhraei SH, Movahedian AH. [Preva-lence and risk factors of low birth weight infants in Mahdieh Hospita in, Tehran]. FEYZ J. 2004;30(8):58-67. Persian.
  13. Zahed Pasha Y, Esmaeili MR, Haji Ahmadi M, Asgar-doon Gh, Ghadimi R, Baleghi M and etal. [Effect of risk factors on low birth weight neonates]. J Babol University Med Sci. 2004;22(6):18-24. Persian.   [Abstract]
  14. Wannous S, Arous S. Incidence and determinants of low birth weight in Syrian government hospitals. East Mediterr health J. 2001;7(6):966-74.   [PubMed]
  15. Lasker JN, Coyle B, Li K, Ortynsky M. Assessment of risk factors for low birth weight deliveries. Health Care Women Int. 2005;26(3):262-80.   [PubMed]
  16. Makki AM. Risk factors for low birth weight in san, scity, Yemen. Ann Saudi Med. 2002;22(5-6):333-5.   [PubMed]
  17. Eslami Z, Aflatoonian A. [A study to determine the prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) infants in Yazd]. J Shahid Sadoughi University Med Sci Health Serv. 2002;2(10):3-8. Persian.
  18. Takimoto H, Yokoyama T, Yoshiike N, Fukuoka H. Increase in low-birth-weight infants in Japan and associated risk factors, 1980-2000. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2005;31(4):314-22.   [PubMed]
  19. Watson-Jones D, Weiss HA, Changalucha JM, Todd J, Gumodoka B, Bulmer J, Balira R, Ross D, Mugeye K, Hayes R, Mabey D. Adverse birth outcomes in United Republic of Tanzania--impact and prevention of mater-nal risk factors. Bull World Health Organ. 2007;85 (1):9-18 .   [PubMed]


Home | About Us | Current Issue | Past Issues | Submit a Manuscript | Instructions for Authors | Subscribe | Search | Contact Us

"Journal of Reproduction & Infertility" is owned, published, and managed by Avicenna Research Institute .
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution –NonCommercial 4.0 International License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.

Journal of Reproductoin and Infertility (JRI) is a member of COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION ETHICS . Verify here .

©2024 - eISSN : 2251-676X, ISSN : 2228-5482, For any comments and questions please contact us.