JRI 
Vol. 2, Issue 1, / January-March 2001
(Review Article, pages 4-16)

Mir Ghasem Jafarzadeh Corresponding Author
- Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran

Received: 9/12/2000 Accepted: 1/8/2001 - Publisher : Avicenna Research Institute

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Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to show that the current Iranian law is poor and unclear in the area of legal and ethical aspects of using ART in human reproduction. Legal literature of this area is also poor and possibly misleading. It is also shown that the proposed draft to the Parliament is also non-embracing and inefficient. To tackle this problem a new legislation is needed. To achieve this aim making a widespread and multidisciplinary study is suggested. For this purpose, it is attempted to identify the matters in question and legal gaps in light of a comparative study. It is also suggested that the legislation is to be all embracing and comprehensive covering all aspects of the required issues. For having a guideline to make legislation, the following principles are suggested:(1) the welfare and interests of any person born or to be born as a result of a treatment procedure are paramount;(2) human life should be preserved and protected; (3) the interests of the family should be considered; (4) infertile couples should be assisted in fulfilling their desire to have children.



Keywords: Sanctions, legislation, Assisted Reproductive Techniques, Moral Codes, Consent


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References

  1. Human fertilization and embryology act 1990
  2. Human fertilization and embryology authority, code of practice 1993
  3. Human fertilization and embryology authority, draft treatment center: questions to ask consultation: annex b, 1995
  4. Human fertilization and embryology authority, sex selection, public consultation document 1993
  5. Human fertilization and embryology authority, donated ovarian tissue in embryo research and assisted conception report, July 1994
  6. Surrogacy arrangement act 1985
  7. Famly law reform act 1987
  8. Abortion act 1967 amended in 1990
  9. Infertility treatment act 1995 as amendedin 1998
  10. Infertility treatment (amendment) act 1997
  11. Infertility treatment regulations 1997
  12. Family law act 1975
  13. Surrogate parenthood act 1988
  14. Substitute parent agreement act 1994
  15. Surrogacy contract act 1993
  16. Artificial conception act 1985
  17. Artificial conception amendment act 2000

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