Vol. 2, Issue 4, / October-December 2001
(Original Article, pages 14-21)

Seyyed Jalal Younesi Corresponding Author
- Clinical Psychology Department, Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences University, Tehran, Iran
Anousheh Salagegheh
- Clinical Psychology Department, Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences University, Tehran, Iran

Received: 6/1/2001 Accepted: 10/10/2001 - Publisher : Avicenna Research Institute

Related Articles


Other Format



Various studies show that infertility treatment in addition to physical involvement, cause undesirable psychological reactions. One of these cases is disorder and change in mental body image. This research is a case control study with aim of determination of mental image of fertile and infertile women referring to health and infertility treatment centers selected in Tehran city in year of 2000. Observed persons were divided as group of women with fertility problems (test group) and group of fertile women (control group). In this research, subjects as two groups of fertile and infertile were chosen from 5 Health centers namely: Panzdah Khordad, Hospitals of Shariati, Mirza Koochak Khan, Day and Saram Medical Center according to purposeful sampling. There were 100 persons in each group. Procedure of data gathering was with help of query form questionnaire of mental image of body, which was prepared with general construct procedure. This has been called mental structures list in Iran. Qualified fertile and infertile women were chosen from mentioned centers. A primary conversation was done with them regarding goals and ways of research. After their agreement, questionnaires were given to them. Then, considering score of each question, answers of fertile and infertile women were assessed and results were compared with help of statistical analysis methods. Information showed that studied mental image of fertile and infertile women were different from each other. In various elements of mental image (active body in isolation, real body, body in way which people see it, body in way which husband sees and knows it and body the way which family of husband see and know it), two groups had meaningful statistical differences (P<0.05). This means infertile women showed some degrees of mental image disorder. Self or body mental image can cause anxiety and depression. In this regard methods and behavioral techniques can control theses signs up great degrees.

Keywords: Body image disorder, Body image, Infertile women, Mental construct, Appearance, Competence

To cite this article:


  1. Infertility evaluation and treatment. Karim Zadeh Meybodi MA, Aflatoonian A, Taheripanah R, Dehghani Firouz Abadi R, translators. Yazd: Yazd Publication Institute;1996. p. 23-8.
  2. Principles and the treatment of women diseases. Ghotbi N, et al, translator. Tehran: Tabib; 1996. p. 263.
  3. Siebel M.M. “Infertility, a comprehensive text’. 2nd Edition. U.S.A. Appleton and Lange. 1997; 31.
  4. Brunner L.S., Suddarth D.S. Medical surgical nursing. 6th Edition. J Br Lippincott Co.Philadelphia. 1996;297.
  5. Salter M. Altered body images. The nurses role. 2nd Edition. London, Baillier. 1997; 3: 22,53.
  6. Morrison M. Fundamental of mental health nursing. 2nd Edition. St. Louis Mosby Co. 1997; 290.
  7. Vamos. M. Body image in chronic illness- a reconceptualization. Int J Psychiatry Med. 1993; 23(2): 163-78.
  8. Johnson C.L. Regaining self-esteem: strategies and interventions for infertile women. J Obs Gyn Neonatal Nurs. 1996 25(4): 291-5.
  9. Thomson K.J., Heinberg L.J., Altabe M., et al. Factor analysis of multiple measures of body image disturbance: are we all measuring the same construct? Int J Eat Disord. 1994; 16(3): 311-5.
  10. Davis K. Investigation into the perception of body image and body satisfaction in pregnant women. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis. Institute of Psychiatry, London. 1992.
  11. Kelly G.A. The psychology of personal construct. Routldg, London. 1996; 297.
  12. Younesi SJ. List of mental structures. Pschology J. 2001. [Epub ahead of print].
  13. Younesi SJ. Introducing new techniques for measuring physical concepts in mentally retarded children. New Psychotherapy.2001;19-20.
  14. Younesi J. BCI (Body Concept Inventory). Eur J Psychological Assessment. 1995; 11: 52.
  15. Dainty P. Management field research-using repertory. The management research handbook.Routledge, London. 1991.
  16. Winter, D.A. Personal construct psychology in clinical practice: theory, research and applications. Routledge, London. 1992.
  17. Younesi J. Study of psychosocial adjustments among physically disabled children and adolescents in relation to the development of body image. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. University of London, U.K. 1998.
  18. Nasseer M. Culture and weight consciousness. J Psychosomatic Res. 1988; 32(6): 537-77.
  19. Fisher S. Body consciousness. Calder & Byars, London. 1972.
  20. Tashakkori A., Mehyar A. The differential roles of parents in the family, as reported by a group of Iranian adolescents. J Marriage Family. 1982; 44(3): 803-90.
  21. Newman G. Social institutions and the control of deviance: a cross- national opinion survey.Eur J Social Psychol. 1977; 7(1): 39-59.
  22. Cash T.F., Pruzinsky T. Body images, development deviance and chane. The Guilford Press.New York and London. 1990.
  23. Beck A.T. The diagnosis and management of depression. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia. 1973.
  24. Clark D.M., Fairburn C.G. Science and practice of cognitive behavior therapy. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 1997.


Home | About Us | Current Issue | Past Issues | Submit a Manuscript | Instructions for Authors | Subscribe | Search | Contact Us

"Journal of Reproduction & Infertility" is owned, published, and managed by Avicenna Research Institute .
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution –NonCommercial 4.0 International License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.

Journal of Reproductoin and Infertility (JRI) is a member of COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION ETHICS . Verify here .

©2024 - eISSN : 2251-676X, ISSN : 2228-5482, For any comments and questions please contact us.