Azita Goshtasebi Corresponding Author
- Faculty of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
Maryam Sadat Vahdaninia
- Institute for Medicine Research , ACECR, Tehran, Iran

Received: 10/1/2006 Accepted: 10/1/2006 - Publisher : Avicenna Research Institute

Related Articles


Other Format



Introduction: Achieving comprehensive reproductive health services, including family planning as the basis of family health and sexual health, has been internationally the main objective of governments and health policy makers in the past decades. Improving modern family planning facilities would lead to a promotion in population control. This study investigates family planning indices, its short comings and mean of reproductive variables in the urban areas of Kohgiluyeh-Boyerahmad province in comparison with the data from Demographic Health Survey carried out in Iran in 2000.Materials & Methods: Considering the high coverage of households by urban health centers in the province, 1540 married women were randomly selected from the list of names in each health center and they were interviewed during 2004. A researcher-devised questionnaire, (content validity determined by experts), was used consisting of demographic variables, family planning awareness status methods, the contraceptive method used by the couples and the number of a desired and live children. Using SPSS, version 13, the data were analyzed in a descriptive-analytical fashion with a significance level of 0.05.Results: The mean age of the respondents was 33.2+ 9.4 years. The mean numbers of pregnancies and children were 3.7 and 3.2 respectively. There was a significant relation between the mean number of children and women's educational status and job (p-value<0.001 ). a significant difference was also observed between the mean and the desired number of children (t="4.46," p-value <0.001). the most common family planning methods were ocp and tl (40.4% & 18.7% respectively). the highest knowledge about family planning methods was on ocp, condom and tl (94%, 65.4% & 45.2% respectively). highest number of women with one child and women with ≥3 children were in the 21-30 and 31-40 age groups respectively. conclusion: the findings indicate that family planning programs have had a relatively appropriate effectiveness on population control in kohgiluyeh-boyerahmad province and family dimension is relatively satisfactory but despite better knowledge about modern contraceptives, use of modern family planning methods is not desirable. considering the high number of children by women from older age groups, the need for educating and promoting the use of modern contraceptives is still of importance.< pan>

Keywords: Family planning indices, Family planning, Women, Contraceptive method, Reproductive health, Kohgiluyeh-boyerahmad, Urban areas

To cite this article:


  1. Tanne JH. Gap in contraceptive use between rich and poor is growing in US. BMJ. 2006;332 (18):1170-5
  2. Moshrefi M, Rahimi Kian F, Mehran A, Gheitoli H. [The rate of using different contraception methods among women attending to Tehran south health centers; Iran] . Payesh. 2005;4(1):11-8. Persian.   [Abstract]
  3. حاجيان كريم ا...، اصنافي نساء، ملانيا جلودار فاطمه. الگوي انتخاب روش‌هاي پيشگيري از باروري و رابطه آن با سن،‌ تعداد فرزندان و ميزان تحصيلات در زنان همسردار 49-18 ساله در جمعيت روستايي بابل. مجله علمي دانشگاه علوم پزشكي بيرجند: سال 10، شماره1 (1382)، صفحات 10-5
  4. Speizer IS, Santelli JS, Afable- Munsuz A, Kendal C. Measuring factors underlying intendedness of women's first and later pregnancies. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2004;36(5):198-205.   [PubMed]
  5. Le LC, Magnani R, Rice J, Speizer I, Bertrand W. Reassessing the level of unintended pregnancy and its correlates in Vietnam. Stud Fam Plan. 2004;35(1):15-26.   [PubMed]
  6. Abbasi-Shavazi MJ, Hosseini- Chavoshi M, Delavar B. ["Unwanted" pregnancies and its determinants in Iran]. J Reprod Infertil. 2003;5(1):62-76. Persian.   [Abstract]
  7. Moos MK. Preconceptional health promotion: progress in changing a prevention paradigm J Pren Neon Nurs.2004;18(1):2-13.   [PubMed]
  8. Grizzard T, Gonzalez E, Sandoval J, Molina R. Innovations in adolescent reproductive and sexual health education in Santiago de Chile: effects of physician leadership and direct service. J Am Med Wom Assoc.2004;59(3):207-9.   [PubMed]
  9. Fehring R.J. The future of professional education in natural family planning. J Obstet Gyncol Neonl Nurs.2004;33(1):34-43.   [PubMed]
  10. باروتي عصمت. بررسي ميزان آگاهي كاركنان ارائه دهنده خدمات بهداشتي نسبت به روشهاي پيشگيري از بارداري در مراكز خدمات بهداشت دولتي شهر تهران در سال 1375. فصلنامه علمي پژوهشي بهبود: سال 4، شماره 7(1379)، صفحات 77-71
  11. Bertrand JT, Magnani RJ, Rutenberg N. Handbook of indicators for family planning program evaluation. Office of Population, United States Agency for International Development (USAID). 1994.
  12. محمد كاظم. بررسي روند تغييرات سن اولين ازدواج و سن اولين حاملگي زنان 49-15 ساله بر اساس مطالعات طرح سلامت و بيماري در ايران. مجله پژوهشي حكيم: سال 2، شماره 3(1378)، صفحات 155-143
  13. Abbasi-Shavazi MJ, McDonald P. National and provincial-level fertility trends in Iran, 1972-2000. Working paper in Demography No 94, Australian National University.
  14. Abbasi-Shavazi MJ, McDonald P, Hosseni-Chavoshi M. Changes in family, fertility behavior and attitudes in Iran. Working paper in Demography No 88, Australian National University
  15. Goto A, Yasumura S, Reich MR, Fukao A. Factors associated with unintended pregnancy in Yamagata, Japan. Soc Sci Med. 2002;54(7):1065-79.   [PubMed]
  16. Park JE. Textbook of preventive and social medicine a treatise on community ‭‭health. 2th ed. Shojaei-Tehrani H, Malek Afzali H, translator. Tehran: Samat; 1998. p 84.
  17. Moos MK, Bartholomew NE, Lohr KN. Counseling in the clinical setting to prevent unintended pregnancy: an evidence-based research agenda. Contraception. 2003;67(2):115-32.   [PubMed]
  18. Goto A, Yasumura S, Reich MR, Fukao A. Factors associated with unintended pregnancy in Yamagata, Japan. Soc Sci Med. 2002;54(7):1065-79.   [PubMed]
  19. نظرپور سهيلا، عظيمی حسن. بررسي ميزان استفاده از انواع روشهای پيشگيری از بارداری و نگرش زنان ازدواج کرده زير 25 سال مراجعه کننده به مراکز بهداشتي غرب استان مازندران نسبت به تنظيم خانواده در سال 1380. مجله علمي‌ـ پژوهشي دانشگاه علوم پزشکي مازندران: سال 12 شماره 37 (1381)، صفحات: 52-46
  20. شهامفر جعفر، جعفري شبيري مهري، كوشاور حسين. بررسي ميزان كارآيي روش‌هاي پيشگيري از بارداري در زنان واجد شرايط مراجعه‌كننده به خانه‌هاي بهداشت شهرستان تبريز، سال 77-1376. مجله پزشكي دانشگاه علوم پزشكي و خدمات بهداشتي‌ـ درماني تبريز: سال 5، شماره3 (1381) صفحات: 38-31
  21. Abbasi-Shavazi MJ, Khademzadeh A . Reasons for choosing withdrawal method among women at reproductive ages in Rasht. J Reprod Infertil.2004;5(4):323-37.   [Abstract]
  22. Takkar N, Goel P, Saha PK, Dua D. Contraceptive practices and awareness of emergency contraception in educated working women. Indian J Med Sci. 2005;59(4):143-9.   [PubMed]
  23. Jackson RA, Schwarz EB, Freedman L, Darney P. Advance supply of emergency contraception: effect of use and usual contraception-a randomized trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2003;102(1):8-16.   [PubMed]
  24. Butler PA. Contraceptive methods-better information for a wider choice. Progress in Reproductive Health Research. (by UNDP/ UNFPA/WHO). 2004;68:1
  25. دانشگاه علوم پزشكي ياسوج‌ـ گزارش كميته مرگ مادري دانشگاه علوم پزشكي ياسوج‌ـ اسفند 1384


Home | About Us | Current Issue | Past Issues | Submit a Manuscript | Instructions for Authors | Subscribe | Search | Contact Us

"Journal of Reproduction & Infertility" is owned, published, and managed by Avicenna Research Institute .
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution –NonCommercial 4.0 International License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.

Journal of Reproductoin and Infertility (JRI) is a member of COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION ETHICS . Verify here .

©2024 - eISSN : 2251-676X, ISSN : 2228-5482, For any comments and questions please contact us.