Parisa Nilforooshan Corresponding Author
- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran
Seyed Ahmad Ahmadi
- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran
Mohammad Reza Abedi
- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran
Seyyed Mehdi Ahmadi
- Isfahan Fertility and Infertility Center, Isfahan, Iran

Received: 1/1/2006 Accepted: 1/1/2006 - Publisher : Avicenna Research Institute

Related Articles


Other Format



Introduction: Different psychological aspects of infertility have been studied so far. The object-tive of this study was to determine the most common dimensions of attitude towards infertility in infertile couples and also to determine the relation between attitude towards infertility and age of couples, the time-span after marriage, educational achievements and infertility variables. Another objective of the study was to determine the relation between attitude towards infertility and deg-rees of depression and anxiety.Materials & Methods: Among people who referred to Fertility and Infertility Center in Isfahan in autumn 2004, 55 cases (25 men and 30 women), who had neither children nor any adoption child but had been diagnosed infertile, were randomly selected and were asked to answer attitude towards infertility questionnaire and Becks depression and anxiety inventories. The data were analyzed by SPSS software. Statistical methods such as correlation, descriptive analysis, variance and multiple regression analyses were employed.Results: Based on the findings of the study, attitude towards having offspring and parental role with 69.1%, and attitude towards social acceptance with 54.5%, were the most prevalent dimen-sions of attitude towards infertility. In addition, attitude had a significant (p<0.05 ) reverse relation to age but had no significant relation to time-span after marriage or the participants educational levels. results did not show significant differences in attitude towards infertility, when the partici-pant, his er spouse or both of them were infertile. noting the regression analysis results, attitude towards life control and social acceptance are the most important factors determining depression severity (p<0.0001), where life control, social acceptance, having offspring and parental role had greater effects on anxiety (p<0.0001). conclusion: many infertile couples put the highest emphasis on offspring and parental role and most of them had negative attitude towards social acceptance. older people had less negative atti-tudes towards the variables. the participants attitude towards infertility had no relation to time-span after marriage, educational levels or whether the participant, his er spouse or both were infertile. depression and anxiety in these couples were due to their attitude towards life control and social acceptance.< pan>

Keywords: Infertility, Attitude towards infertility, Depression, Anxiety

To cite this article:


  1. کرمي نوري رضا، آخوندي محمدمهدي، بهجتي اردکاني زهره. جنبه‌هاي رواني- اجتماعي ناباروري از ديدگاه پزشکان ايراني. فصلنامـه بـاروري و نـابـاروري. سـال دوم (1380). شمـاره 7. صفحات: 26- 13.
  2. Shanner L. Men, women and infertility: Intervention and treatment Strategies. J Psychosomat Res.1997;42 (1):103-104.
  3. خسروي زهره. عوامل پيش بيني کننده سلامت روان در زوج‌هاي نابارور. فصلنامه باروري و ناباروري. سال سوم (1380). شماره 9. صفحات: 64- 56.
  4. رجوعي مريم. جنبه‌هاي روان‌شناختي ناباروري. پژوهش‌هاي روان‌شناختي. سال چهارم (1376). شماره 3و4، صفحات: 88- 72.
  5. Greil A. L. Infertility and psychological distress: A cri-tical review of the literature. Soc Sci Med.1994;45 (11):1670-1704.
  6. Andrews F., Abbey A., Halman J. Is fertility problem stress different?. Fertil Steril.1992;57:1247-1253.
  7. ملايي نژاد ميترا. بررسي ارتباط سازگاري زناشويي و تنيدگي ناشي از ناباروري در زنان مراجعه کننده به مرکز باروري و ناباروري شهر اصفهان در سال 1378. پايان نامه کارشناسي ارشد. دانشگاه علوم پزشکي و خدمات بهداشتي درماني ايران. (1379). صفحه 11.
  8. Nasseri M. Cultural similarities in psychological reac-tions to infertility. Psychol Rep.2000;(86):375-378.
  9. Diamond R., Kezur D., Meyers M., Scharf C., Wein-shel M. Couple therapy for infertility. New York, The Guilford Press.1999;35-45.
  10. Pasch L., Dunkel-Schetter C., Christensen A. Diffe-rences between husbands and wives approach to infertility affect marital communication and adjust-ment. Fertil Steril.2002;77(6):1241-1704.
  11. سرمد زهره. بازرگان عباس. حجازي الهه. روش‌هاي تحقيق در علوم رفتاري. تهران: آگاه. (1377)، صفحه 187.
  12. Steer R.A., Rissmiller D.J., Ranieri W.F., Beck A.T. Structure of the Computer-assisted Beck anxiety inven-tory with psychiatric inpatients. J pers Assess.1993;60 (3):532-542.
  13. کاوياني حسين، احمدي ابهري سيد علي، دهقان محمد، منصورنيا محمد علي، خرمشاهي مازيار، قديرزاده محمدرضا، دادپي عليرضا، چهاردهي امير. شيوع اختلال‌هاي اضطرابي در شهر تهران. فصلنامه انديشه و رفتار. سال هشتم (1381). شماره سوم. صفحات: 11-4.
  14. کاوياني حسين، قاسم‌زاده حبيب اله. بررسي همايندي مرضي و همپوشي علائم اختلال‌هاي افسردگي و اضطراب در جامعه ايراني. مجله دانشکده پزشکي دانشگاه علوم پزشکي تهران. (1382) شماره سوم، صفحات: 177-171.
  15. مارنات گري گراث. ترجمه شريفي حسن پاشا. نيکخو محمدرضا. راهنماي سنجش رواني. جلد اول. تهران: انتشارات رشد. (1373)، صفحه226.
  16. يعقوبي نصرآبادي محمد، عاطف وحيد محمد کاظم، احمدزاده غلامحسين. تأثير گروه درماني شناختي- رفتاري بر کاهش افسردگي و اضطراب بيماران مبتلا به اختلال خلقي. فصلنامه انديشه و رفتار. سال نهم، (1382). شماره دوم. صفحات: 56-64.
  17. Xu L., KE H.X., HE F.F. Psychological aspects of in-fertile couples. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi.1994;29 (4):232-4.
  18. Wright J., Duchesne C., Saburina S., Bissonette F., Benoit J., Girard J. Psychological distress and inferti-lity: men, women respond differently. Fertil Steril. 1991;55(1):100-108.
  19. Abbey A., Andrews F., Halman J. Gender s role in res-ponse to infertility. Psychol Women.1991;15:295- 316.


Home | About Us | Current Issue | Past Issues | Submit a Manuscript | Instructions for Authors | Subscribe | Search | Contact Us

"Journal of Reproduction & Infertility" is owned, published, and managed by Avicenna Research Institute .
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution –NonCommercial 4.0 International License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.

Journal of Reproductoin and Infertility (JRI) is a member of COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION ETHICS . Verify here .

©2024 - eISSN : 2251-676X, ISSN : 2228-5482, For any comments and questions please contact us.